The aging process leads to marked changes in the fascial structures of the body.

Because of age we see wrinkles and creases in the surface.

These phenomena are fortified by decrease in oestrogen production (menopause), poor nutrition, harmful environmental factors, sunbathing, alcohol, smoking.

Very important to know is that inadequate hydration aggravates these


Glycosaminoglycans, collagen and elastin are essential for hydration because they can bind large amounts of water.

When these glycosaminoglycans levels decrease, the elastic fibres reduce.

The remaining collagen fibres become disorganized; they lose their shape which contributes to ptosis.

(Glycosaminoglycans are an important part of collagen-rich tissue such as fascia, cartilage, discs, trachea, bones, connective tissue, walls of arteries and veins, even of synovia)

Fat cells atrophy so they also distort in shape. We see this as cellulitis.

Diseases as diabetes accelerate these degenerative processes.

We also see cross linking in muscular fascia, and this reduces soft tissue mobility.

Together with the above, proprioceptive functions diminish which leads to

difficulties in balance control, motor control and stability.